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  1. #16
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    Feb 2009
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    Hagenberg, Austria
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    Re: How to secure a Mifare key in a midlet?

    Hallo,

    Quote Originally Posted by alex782k View Post
    So basically there is NO way to secure a mifare card using an NFC phone, right?
    If, by "mifare card", you talk about an external MIFARE chip card, then you are right. There is no way to access such a card without handling the plain key in the MIDlet. If you mean the secure element's MIFARE portion, then this is not completely true.

    There is an option that has not yet been mentioned in this thread: On the secure element that is used in the Nokia phones the MIFARE portion is accessible though JavaCard applets. The operating system of the JavaCard provides a special API (ExtSystem) that allows accessing the MIFARE area. (See the WIKI page "Applets in Java Card area can access the Mifare 4k area with G&D specific libraries (ExtSystem) provided by Sm@rtCafé® Professional Toolkit. ")

    Therefore, you could create a JavaCard applet that handles the access to the MIFARE area. Thus, the MIFARE keys will never escape the secure JavaCard applet's environment. Still you would have to secure the access to the JavaCard applet. This could for instance be done with


    • a PIN code that the user enters into the phone (Compared to the previously mentioned PIN code based generation of the MIFARE keys this variant has an important advantage: The PIN code can be verified by the JavaCard. Thus, restrictions on PIN code entry (like a limited number of retries) that are typically known from smartcards can be used.)

    • the APDUs for accessing the JavaCard applet can be generated on a remote server. Therefore, an encrypted tunnel can be established between the JavaCard applet and the remote server. This would render attacks on the MIDlet (that only redirects encrypted APDUs) rather useless.


    Yet, this approach does not account for security vulnerabilites through MIFARE Classic's broken cryptographic algorithms.

    Quote Originally Posted by alex782k View Post
    what difference does it make if I'm using a Mifare card or a JavaCard to hold the data? Because in both cases I'm gonna have to use a key to authenticate myself, right? And then I'll bump into the issue of securing a key in the MIDlet...am I right?
    MIFARE Classic is simple to use (essentially it is only memory with some security logic) and there is existing hardware (like access control systems, vending machines, ...) that only supports MIFARE Classic. But that system is also known to be vulnerable for several types of attacks (Google for MIFARE hack).

    JavaCard applets are small java programs. They are executed in a secure and tamper proof environment that has all the advantages of classic multi-application processor smartcards. The applets are accessed (from an external reader as well as from the MIDlet) through APDU commands. You can implement quite complex programs that use cryptographic features/algorithms of the smartcard and store data in the tamper proof smartcard environment. But implementation of such an applet requires "advanced" programming skills.

    In both cases you need a key to authenticate, but with the MIFARE API you have to handle the plain key in the MIDlet while the JavaCard approach provides other options like the ones I mentioned before.

    Quote Originally Posted by juancarlosr View Post
    could any of you share some code [for] storing keys in SE and accesing it
    In my opinion, storing the MIFARE keys in the secure element, then retrieving these keys with the MIDlet and using them (in plain text) for the MIFARE API makes no sense. There is no security advantage compared to storing the keys directly in the MIDlet or generating them from a PIN code. But you could try one of the options from above.

    For examples on JavaCard programming, you could take a look at the various samples that come with the JavaCard development kit. Also the Nokia 6131 SDK provides an example named "InternalSecureCardExample" that demonstrates how to access a JavaCard applet from Java ME.

    br,
    Michael

  2. #17
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Sep 2007
    Posts
    40

    Re: How to secure a Mifare key in a midlet?

    Hello Michael,

    Would it be OK if I contacted you through email?

    Thanks,

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