×
Namespaces

Variants
Actions

Accessing Twitter using Windows Phone

From Nokia Developer Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

This article demonstrates how to check a network interface using NetworkInterface, request data from a web service (twitter) using WebClient and then parse the XML data returned for display.

WP Metro Icon Web.png
SignpostIcon XAML 40.png
WP Metro Icon WP8.png
SignpostIcon WP7 70px.png
Article Metadata
Code ExampleTested with
SDK: Windows Phone SDK 8.0, Windows Phone SDK 7.1
Devices(s): Nokia Lumia 920, Nokia Lumia 800
Compatibility
Platform(s): WP 8.0/7.1
Windows Phone 8
Windows Phone 7.5
Article
Keywords: Web Service, WebClient, NetworkInterface, Twitter API
Created: somnathbanik (10 Oct 2011)
Last edited: hamishwillee (27 Jun 2013)

Introduction

WebClient class provides common methods for sending and receiving data from a resource identified by a URI where as NetworkInterface class provides a information about the network. In this example we use both the classes, getting data from web service and using it in the application.

The code example is a basic Twitter Client that can display information about a particular user. In this case we add a SearchBox where user can put the UserName and as the user clicks on the SearchButton, we make a web request (http://api.twitter.com/1/statuses/user_timeline.xml?screen_name=<username>) to fetch the XML data about the user. More information about Twitter’s API can be found here.

Twitter User Data

Implementation

First create a project with Windows Phone Application Template. Once the project is being created we add a TextBox, Button, Image, two TextBlock and a ListBox which has the text message in the MainPage.xaml file.

<Grid x:Name="ContentPanel" Grid.Row="1" Margin="12,0,12,0">
<Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
<ColumnDefinition Width="350" />
<ColumnDefinition Width="100" />
</Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
<Grid.RowDefinitions>
<RowDefinition Height="100" />
<RowDefinition Height="100" />
<RowDefinition Height="*" />
</Grid.RowDefinitions>
<TextBox x:Name="UserSearchBox" Margin="0,0,37,0" />
<Button x:Name="SearchButton" Content="Search" Click="SearchButton_Click" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Width="131" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" />
<StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2">
<Image x:Name="UserImage" Width="100" Height="100" Margin="0,0,12,0" />
<StackPanel Width="370">
<TextBlock x:Name="UserName" Foreground="Orange" FontSize="50" />
<TextBlock x:Name="UserLocation" Foreground="Orange" FontSize="25" />
</StackPanel>
</StackPanel>
<ListBox x:Name="TwitterItemList" Grid.Row="2" Grid.ColumnSpan="2">
<ListBox.ItemTemplate>
<DataTemplate>
<StackPanel>
<TextBlock Margin="0,0,40,0" Text="{Binding textMessage}" TextWrapping="Wrap" Width="450" />
<Rectangle Height="20" />
</StackPanel>
</DataTemplate>
</ListBox.ItemTemplate>
</ListBox>
</Grid>
 
</Grid>

We create a class name TwitterData.cs which holds the text message of the status.

public class TwitterData
{
public string textMessage { get; set; }
}

When we click on the SearchButton NetworkInterface::GetIsNetworkAvailable() method is called to see whether any network connection is available or not. If we have a network connection then we create a new WebClient object, and make an asynchronous call with DownloadStringAsync() out to the Twitter API (http://api.twitter.com/1/statuses/user_timeline.xml?screen_name=<username>). First, we create a new event handler DownloadStringCompleted() for when our data retrieval is complete, and second we make the asynchronous call. In this example, we will get the user name that user has entered in the serarch box. When the data returns, our event handler fires twitter_DownloadStringCompleted()

private void SearchButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
if (NetworkInterface.GetIsNetworkAvailable())
{
WebClient twitter = new WebClient();
 
twitter.DownloadStringCompleted += new DownloadStringCompletedEventHandler(twitter_DownloadStringCompleted);
twitter.DownloadStringAsync(new Uri("http://api.twitter.com/1/statuses/user_timeline.xml?screen_name=" + UserSearchBox.Text));
}
}

Once we get the data from the web service we need to display the content in list view. I am not going to focus on this part here, rather we will see how to parse the XML using LINQ . To do this, we need to add the namespace, System.Xml.Linq. First lets create a new XElement object that holds our XML data.

XElement xmlTweets = XElement.Parse(e.Result);

For displaying content in list view we can refer ListBox in WP7.

When we get the data in xmlTweets we need to bind the data in the listbox

TwitterItemList.ItemsSource = from tweet in xmlTweets.Descendants("status")
select new TwitterData
{
textMessage = tweet.Element("text").Value
};


Just above the list we display the profile image, user name and location of the user

string image = xmlTweets.Element("status").Element("user").Element("profile_image_url").Value;
ImageSource source = new BitmapImage(new Uri(image));
UserImage.Source = source;
 
string name = xmlTweets.Element("status").Element("user").Element("name").Value;
UserName.Text = name;
 
string location = xmlTweets.Element("status").Element("user").Element("location").Value;
UserLocation.Text = location;

Source Code

The full source code of the example is available here: File:TwitterWebService.zip

This page was last modified on 27 June 2013, at 13:43.
193 page views in the last 30 days.
×