An Introduction to Nokia Asha web apps
This article provides a comprehensive introduction to Nokia Asha Web Apps.
According to W3C widget specification, Widgets are client-side applications that are authored using Web standards, but whose content can also be embedded into Web documents. Series 40 web apps are based on the W3C Widget specification. Nokia has a set of tools for Series 40 web apps development and are targeted to be run on Series 40 mobile phones.
- For development and simulation of Nokia Asha Web Apps download and install Nokia Web Tools.
- To deploy Nokia Asha Web Apps on device download Bluetooth Launcher and install it on device. Follow this article to run Series 40 web apps on device.
- Device supported Series 40 web apps.
Nokia Asha Web Apps and Web Page
- Nokia Browser for Series 40 : Most of the Nokia Asha devices doesn’t have enough CPU/RAM to run a full web browser, so it introduce a lighter-weight client side browser called the Nokia Browser for Series 40 Client. User can browser and run the web app from the Web App Server through the Nokia Browser for Series 40 Client.
Below figure shows how the Nokia Browser for Series 40 proxy hosts the web app client and acts as a proxy between Nokia Browser for Series 40 Client and Web App Server.
For more information see Nokia Asha Web Apps Best Practices Guide
Nokia Asha Web Apps Project Description
In this section we will create a basic project and will explain each file in the project.
Step 1 : Creating a New Project
- Open -> File -> New -> Series 40 Web App (wgt)
- Select Basic web app project from the Series 40 web apps template and then click Next
- Give a name to project in the Project Name section and then click Next. Here the project name used is MyWebApp
- In the Empty project settings dialog change the information according to you and then click Finish. In this case we leave it as it is. You will see the MyWebApp project is created in the Project Explorer.
- Click on the + sign to the left of the project to expand it.
- MyWebApp is the root folder of the project
- basic.css is the CSS file for style information , we can add one or more CSS file in the project.
- config.xml is the configuration document file. The main information that it contains is the starting point of the application .
- icon.png is the default icon of the application, we can also change it according to our choice also.
- index.html is the default entry point file according the W3C .
Step 2: To run the app on simulator
- Right click on the project (MyWebApp) in the project explorer and then click on Preview Web app. This will launch the application in the simulator.
step 3: Packaging the application :
- Right click on the project (MyWebApp) in the project explorer and then click on Package Web app. This will create the wgt file (MyWebApp.wgt in this case)
Step 4: Deploy the application on S40 Device
- Follow this link Series_40_Web_Apps_-_Run_your_app_on_device
Editing the Default Project
Tips and Tricks
Now we are able to create application. lets note down some points that we need to keep in mind while developing Series 40 web apps.
- handling large amount of data.
- Working with animation and its performance.
- Difference between regular web app and web app designed for Series 40 device using Nokia Browser for Series 40.
- W3C Widget specification (http://www.w3.org/TR/widgets/)
- Nokia Asha Web Apps: Getting Started
- Nokia Asha Web Apps: Developer’s Guide and API Reference
- Nokia Asha Web Apps: Best Practices
- Nokia Asha Web Apps: Platform Overview
- Nokia Asha Web Apps: Publishing Guide