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Archived:Compressing and decompressing GZIP files using Symbian C++

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Archived.pngArchived: This article is archived because it is not considered relevant for third-party developers creating commercial solutions today. If you think this article is still relevant, let us know by adding the template {{ReviewForRemovalFromArchive|user=~~~~|write your reason here}}.

Article Metadata
Tested with
Devices(s): Nokia N93
Compatibility
Platform(s): S60 3rd Edition, FP1
S60 3rd Edition FP1
Article
Keywords: RFile,CEZFileToGZip,CEZGZipToFile,RFile::Open(),RFile::Create()CEZFileToGZip::DeflateL(), CEZGZipToFile::InflateL()
Created: aknyman (06 May 2008)
Last edited: lpvalente (16 Sep 2012)

Contents

Overview

This snippet shows how to compress and decompress GZIP files using classes CEZFileToGZip and CEZGZipToFile.

This snippet can be self-signed.

MMP file

The following libraries are required:

LIBRARY efsrv.lib
LIBRARY ezlib.lib

Header file

Source file

#include <ezgzip.h>
#include <f32file.h>
 
void CompressGZipFileL(RFs &aFs, TInt aBufferSize, const TDesC& aFileName)
{
RFile input;
 
HBufC *compressedFile = HBufC::NewLC(aFileName.Length()+3);
_LIT(KCompressedGZipFileName,"%S.gz");
compressedFile->Des().Format(KCompressedGZipFileName,&aFileName);
 
User::LeaveIfError(input.Open(aFs,aFileName,EFileStream | EFileRead | EFileShareAny));
CleanupClosePushL(input);
 
CEZFileToGZip *fileToGZip = CEZFileToGZip::NewLC(aFs,*compressedFile,input,aBufferSize);
 
_LIT(KCompressingToGZipFile,"Compressing file %S to gzip file %S\n");
console->Printf(KCompressingToGZipFile,&aFileName,compressedFile);
 
while (fileToGZip->DeflateL())
{
// loop here until the gzip file is created
}
 
CleanupStack::PopAndDestroy(3); //fileToGZip, input, compressedFile
}
 
void DecompressGZipFileL(RFs &aFs, TInt aBufferSize, const TDesC& aFileName)
{
TInt err(KErrNone);
RFile output;
 
HBufC *decompressedFile = HBufC::NewLC(aFileName.Length()+1);
_LIT(KDecompressedGZipFileName,"%S_");
decompressedFile->Des().Format(KDecompressedGZipFileName,&aFileName);
 
err = output.Create(aFs, *decompressedFile,EFileStream | EFileWrite |
EFileShareExclusive);
if (err == KErrAlreadyExists)
User::LeaveIfError(output.Open(aFs, *decompressedFile,EFileStream |
EFileWrite | EFileShareExclusive));
else
User::LeaveIfError(err);
CleanupClosePushL(output);
 
CEZGZipToFile *gZipToFile = CEZGZipToFile::NewLC(aFs,aFileName,output,aBufferSize);
 
_LIT(KDecompressingFromGZipFile,"Decompressing file %S from gzip file %S\n");
console->Printf(KDecompressingFromGZipFile, decompressedFile, &aFileName);
 
while (gZipToFile->InflateL())
{
// loop here until the gzip file is decompressed
}
 
CleanupStack::PopAndDestroy(3); //gZipToFile, output, decompressedFile
}


Using CompressGZipFileL() and DecompressGZipFileL() methods

This simple example method reads command line arguments and compresses or decompresses .gz files.

options:

  • -c = compress
  • -d = decompress
  • -b n = buffer size
  • filename = gzip file
void doGZipCompressionAndDecompressionL()
{
RFs fs;
User::LeaveIfError(fs.Connect());
CleanupClosePushL(fs);
 
TBool doCompress = ETrue;
TInt bufferSize = 32768;
TInt cmdLineLen = User::CommandLineLength();
 
if (cmdLineLen <= 0)
{
_LIT(KUsage,"Usage: program.exe [-cd] [-u buffer] filename\n");
console->Printf(KUsage);
User::Leave(KErrGeneral);
}
 
HBufC *argv = HBufC::NewLC(cmdLineLen);
TPtr argPtr=argv->Des();
User::CommandLine(argPtr);
 
TLex arguments(*argv);
 
TPtrC options(arguments.NextToken());
TBool bufferSizeSpecified = EFalse;
 
_LIT(KInvalidOption,"Invalid option %S\n");
_LIT(KUnknownOption,"Unknown option %S\n");
_LIT(KNoOptionSpecified,"No option specified\n");
 
while (options[0]=='-' || bufferSizeSpecified)
{
TInt index = 1;
 
if (bufferSizeSpecified)
{
if (options.Length() == 0)
{
console->Printf(KNoOptionSpecified);
console->Getch();
User::Leave(KErrGeneral);
}
else
{
TLex lex(options);
TInt ret(KErrNone);
 
ret = lex.Val(bufferSize);
bufferSizeSpecified = EFalse;
 
if (ret != KErrNone)
{
console->Printf(KInvalidOption,&options);
console->Getch();
User::Leave(KErrGeneral);
}
}
}
else
{
while (index < options.Length())
{
if (options[index] == 'd')
doCompress = EFalse;
else if (options[index] == 'c')
doCompress = ETrue;
else if (options[index] == 'b' )
bufferSizeSpecified = ETrue;
else
{
console->Printf(KUnknownOption,&options);
console->Getch();
User::Leave(KErrGeneral);
}
index++;
}
 
if (index == 1)
{
console->Printf(KNoOptionSpecified);
console->Getch();
User::Leave(KErrGeneral);
}
}
options.Set(arguments.NextToken());
}
 
TPtrC fileNamePtr(options);
HBufC *fileNameBuf = HBufC::NewLC(fileNamePtr.Length());
*fileNameBuf = fileNamePtr;
 
if(doCompress)
CompressGZipFileL(fs,bufferSize,*fileNameBuf);
else
DecompressGZipFileL(fs,bufferSize,*fileNameBuf);
 
CleanupStack::PopAndDestroy(3); //fileNameBuf,argv,fs
}


Postconditions

Depending on given parameters and the used method, GZIP files are compressed or decompressed.

See also

Archived:Getting trailer and header info from GZIP files using Symbian C++

The gzip format is specified in the page http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1952.html.

This page was last modified on 16 September 2012, at 01:56.
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