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# Conversions between twips, pixels, and millimeters using Symbian C++

Tested with
Devices(s): S60 (All)
CompatibilityArticle
Keywords: TwipsToPixels, PixelsToTwips
Created: User:Technical writer 1 (10 Mar 2009)
Last edited: hamishwillee (30 May 2013)

## Overview

The screen device in Symbian OS provides helper functions to convert a number of pixels to how much physical screen area they occupy (in twips, 1/1440 inches), and vice versa.

## Detailed description

Information about how many pixels are required to draw a shape of a certain size in each device is especially useful in touch-enabled UIs, where icons and controls need to have a proper size for use with fingers.

## Solution

The following methods convert between pixels and millimeters.

`  #define KTwipInMillimeters 0.0176389   // Returns the number of pixels corresponding   // to millimeters (x,y) passed as parameter  TPoint MillimetersToPixels( const TPoint& aMm ) const    {    TReal twipsX = (TReal)aMm.iX / KTwipInMillimeters;    TReal twipsY = (TReal)aMm.iY / KTwipInMillimeters;      return iEikonEnv->ScreenDevice()->TwipsToPixels( TPoint((TInt)twipsX,                                                     (TInt)twipsY) );    }   // Returns the number of millimeters corresponding   // to pixels (x,y) passed as parameter  TPoint PixelsToMillimeters( const TPoint& aPixels ) const    {    TPoint twips = iEikonEnv->ScreenDevice()->PixelsToTwips(aPixels);    TReal mmX = (TReal)twips.iX * KTwipInMillimeters;    TReal mmY = (TReal)twips.iY * KTwipInMillimeters;     return TPoint((TInt)mmX, (TInt)mmY);    }`

Note that all currently available devices have square pixel aspect ratio.

## Version Hint

Windows Phone: [[Category:Windows Phone]]
[[Category:Windows Phone 7.5]]
[[Category:Windows Phone 8]]

Nokia Asha: [[Category:Nokia Asha]]
[[Category:Nokia Asha Platform 1.0]]

Series 40: [[Category:Series 40]]
[[Category:Series 40 1st Edition]] [[Category:Series 40 2nd Edition]]
[[Category:Series 40 3rd Edition (initial release)]] [[Category:Series 40 3rd Edition FP1]] [[Category:Series 40 3rd Edition FP2]]
[[Category:Series 40 5th Edition (initial release)]] [[Category:Series 40 5th Edition FP1]]
[[Category:Series 40 6th Edition (initial release)]] [[Category:Series 40 6th Edition FP1]] [[Category:Series 40 Developer Platform 1.0]] [[Category:Series 40 Developer Platform 1.1]] [[Category:Series 40 Developer Platform 2.0]]

Symbian: [[Category:Symbian]]
[[Category:S60 1st Edition]] [[Category:S60 2nd Edition (initial release)]] [[Category:S60 2nd Edition FP1]] [[Category:S60 2nd Edition FP2]] [[Category:S60 2nd Edition FP3]]
[[Category:S60 3rd Edition (initial release)]] [[Category:S60 3rd Edition FP1]] [[Category:S60 3rd Edition FP2]]
[[Category:S60 5th Edition]]
[[Category:Symbian^3]] [[Category:Symbian Anna]] [[Category:Nokia Belle]]