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Recommended optimizations for GCCE

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Created: mgroeber9110 (28 Mar 2007)
Last edited: hamishwillee (26 Jul 2012)

Reducing the size of your GCCE executables

You may find that executables compiled with GCCE for S60 3rd Edition are significantly larger when compiled with a GCCE and an S60 3rd Edition SDK than the corresponding S60 2nd Edition version, even though S60 3rd Edition binaries are compressed by default.

According to the release notes for the S60 3rd Edition SDK Maintenance Release the recommended possible optimizations for reducing the size of a 3rd Edition executable are -O2 -fno-unit-at-a-time. However, this is not the default after installation of the SDK. The easiest way to enable these for a particular project is to add the following line to the MMP file:

OPTION GCCE -O2 -fno-unit-at-a-time

This is probably no longer necessary if you are using the S60 3rd Edition FP1 SDK, because it already includes the line

REL_OPTIMISATION=-O2 -fno-unit-at-a-time

in the file, making the above settings the default.

Warning.pngWarning: This optimization is NOT recommended by Nokia but merely recognized as an option. Read the release notes for information about the side-effects of using this optimization and then decided whether to use it or not.

Why this is needed

It seems that there is a single culprit that is alone responsible for the majority of the size increase: the AknsConstants.h file declares a host of "static const" structures for skin-related IDs that make it into the final binary, even though they are never referenced. These constants are included once for each .cpp file that uses "popular" header files such as <aknutils.h> or <aknmessagequerydialog.h>, leading to about 20k of excess data per file.

With the optimization options set as above, GCCE recognizes these as being "dead data", and removes them from the final executable.

This page was last modified on 26 July 2012, at 06:14.
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