Talk:Message Queues Example

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17 Sep
Article Review by User:Narendrachinni (20090917)

This article had explained about the message queue here before that we have to know about what are message queue

overview: Message queues provide an asynchronous communications protocol, meaning that the sender and receiver of the message do not need to interact with the message queue at the same time. Messages placed onto the queue are stored until the recipient retrieves them.

Most message queues have set limits on the size of data that can be transmitted in a single message. Those that do not have such limits are known as mailboxes.

Many implementations of message queues function internally: within an operating system or within an application. Such queues exist for the purposes of that system only.[1] [2]

Other implementations allow the passing of messages between different computer systems, potentially connecting multiple applications and multiple operating systems.[3] These message queueing systems typically provide enhanced resilience functionality to ensure that messages do not get "lost" in the event of a system failure. Examples of commercial implementations of this kind of message queueing software (also known as Message Oriented Middleware) include IBM's WebSphere MQ (formerly MQ Series), Oracle Advanced Queuing (AQ) within an Oracle database, and Microsoft's MSMQ. There is a Java standard called Java Message Service, which has, associated with it, a number of implementations, both proprietary and free software.

There are a number of open source choices of messaging middleware systems, including JBoss Messaging, JORAM,[4] ActiveMQ, Open Message Queue, RabbitMQ (an implementation, in Erlang, of AMQP),[5] ISectd,[6] Skytools PgQ (created by Skype, runs atop PostgreSQL),[7] and Apache Qpid.[8]

In addition to open source systems, hardware-based messaging middleware is a growing trend with vendors like Solace Systems, Sonoa and Tervela offering queuing through silicon or silicon/software datapaths.

Most RTOSes, such as VxWorks and QNX operating systems encourage the use of message queueing as the primary IPC or inter-thread communication mechanism. The resulting tight integration between message passing and CPU scheduling is attributed as a main reason for the usability of RTOSes for real time applications. Early examples of commercial RTOSes that encouraged a message-queue basis to inter-thread communication also include VRTX and pSOS+, both of which date to the early 1980s.

usage: In a typical message-queueing implementation, a system administrator installs and configures off-the-shelf message-queueing software (a queue manager), and defines a named message queue.

An application then registers a software routine that "listens" for messages placed onto the queue.

Second and subsequent applications may connect to the queue and transfer a message onto it.

The queue-manager software stores the messages until a receiving application connects and then calls the registered software routine. The receiving application then processes the message in an appropriate manner.

There are often numerous options as to the exact semantics of message passing, including:

Durability (e.g. - whether or not queued data can be merely kept in memory, or if it mustn't be lost, and thus must be stored on disk, or, more expensive still, it must be committed more reliably to a DBMS) Security policies Message purging policies - queues or messages may have a TTL (Time To Live) Some systems support filtering data so that a subscriber may only see messages matching some pre-specified criteria of interest Delivery policies - do we need to guarantee that a message is delivered at least once, or no more than once? Routing policies - in a system with many queue servers, what servers should receive a message or a queue's messages? Batching policies - should messages be delivered immediately? Or should the system wait a bit and try to deliver many messages at once? When should a message be considered "enqueued"? When one queue has it? Or when it has been forwarded to at least one remote queue? Or to all queues? A publisher may need to know when some or all subscribers have received a message. These are all considerations that can have substantial effects on transaction semantics, system reliability, and system efficiency.

synchronous and asynchronMany of the more widely-known communications protocols in use operate synchronously. The HTTP protocol – used in the World Wide Web and in web services – offers an obvious example.

In many situations this makes perfect sense; for example, a user sends a request for a web page and then waits for a reply.

However, other scenarios exist in which such behaviour is not appropriate. For example, an application may need to notify another that an event has occurred, but does not need to wait for a response. Another example occurs in publish/subscribe systems, where an application "publishes" information for any number of clients to read. In both these examples it would not make sense for the sender of the information to have to wait if, for example, one of the recipients had crashed.

Alternatively, an interactive application may need to respond to certain parts of a request immediately (such as telling a customer that a sales request has been accepted, and handling the promise to draw on inventory), but may queue other parts (such as completing calculation of billing, forwarding data to the central accounting system, and calling on all sorts of other services) to be done some time later.

In all these sorts of situations, having a subsystem which does asynchronous message-queuing (or alternatively, a broadcast messaging system) can help improve the behaviour of the overall system.

This help full to beginners .....