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Archived:Como criar uma calculadora simples, em Qt

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{{Archived|language=Lang-Portuguese|timestamp=20120216044749|user=[[User:Hamishwillee|<br />----]]|[[:Category:Qt Quick|Qt Quick]] should be used for all UI development on mobile devices. The approach described in this article (based on {{Qapiname|QWidget}}) is deprecated.}}
 
 
[[Category:Lang-Portuguese]][[Category:QWidget UI]][[Category:Code Examples]][[Category:MeeGo]][[Category:Symbian]]
 
[[Category:Lang-Portuguese]][[Category:QWidget UI]][[Category:Code Examples]][[Category:MeeGo]][[Category:Symbian]]
 +
{{Abstract|Este trecho de código demonstra como criar uma simples calculadora usando [[Qt (Portuguese)|Qt]].}}
 +
{{Archived|language=Lang-Portuguese|timestamp=20120216044749|user=[[User:Hamishwillee|<br />----]]|[[:Category:Qt Quick|Qt Quick]] should be used for all UI development on mobile devices. The approach described in this article (based on {{Qapiname|QWidget}}) is deprecated.}}
 
{{ArticleMetaData <!-- v1.2 -->
 
{{ArticleMetaData <!-- v1.2 -->
 
|sourcecode= <!-- Link to example source code (e.g. [[Media:The Code Example ZIP.zip]]) -->
 
|sourcecode= <!-- Link to example source code (e.g. [[Media:The Code Example ZIP.zip]]) -->
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|author= [[User:Kiran10182]]
 
|author= [[User:Kiran10182]]
 
}}
 
}}
 
==Introdução==
 
 
Este trecho de código demonstra como criar uma simples calculadora usando [[Qt overview]].
 
 
==Pré-requisitos==
 
 
* Baixe e instale a versão atual do Qt segundo as instruções [[Qt (Portuguese)|deste artigo]].
 
 
== Design do Layout ==
 
  
 
== Arquivo de cabeçalho ==
 
== Arquivo de cabeçalho ==

Revision as of 08:30, 16 February 2012

Este trecho de código demonstra como criar uma simples calculadora usando Qt.

Archived.pngAquivado: Este artigo foi arquivado, pois o conteúdo não é mais considerado relevante para se criar soluções comerciais atuais. Se você achar que este artigo ainda é importante, inclua o template {{ForArchiveReview|escreva a sua justificativa}}.

Qt Quick should be used for all UI development on mobile devices. The approach described in this article (based on QWidget) is deprecated.

Article Metadata

Testado com
Aparelho(s): Emulator

Compatibilidade
Plataforma(s): S60 3rd Edition FP1, S60 3rd Edition FP2, S60 5th Edition
Symbian

Artigo
Palavras-chave: QString, Push Button, Text Label
Tradução:
Por kiran10182
Última alteração feita por hamishwillee em 16 Feb 2012

Contents

Arquivo de cabeçalho

Cal.h

#ifndef CAL_H
#define CAL_H
 
#include <QtGui/QWidget>
#include "ui_cal.h"
#include<QString>
#include<QPushButton>
#include<QLineEdit>
#include<QHBoxLayout>
#include<QVBoxLayout>
#include<QFormLayout>
class cal : public QWidget
{
Q_OBJECT
 
public:
cal(QWidget *parent = 0);
~cal();
 
private:
QPushButton *but1;
QPushButton *sub;
QPushButton *mul;
QPushButton *div;
QPushButton *eq;
QFormLayout *lay;
QLineEdit *line;
QString str;
QString str1;
QString ch;
QString strResult;
private slots:
void addi();
void subs();
void mult();
void divi();
void em();
public:
float num;
float num1;
float ans;
};
 
#endif // CAL_H

Código fonte

cal.cpp

#include "cal.h"
 
cal::cal(QWidget *parent)
: QWidget(parent)
{
lay=new QFormLayout(this);
but1=new QPushButton("+",this);
sub=new QPushButton("-",this);
mul=new QPushButton("*",this);
div=new QPushButton("/",this);
eq=new QPushButton("=",this);
line=new QLineEdit(this);
line->setMaxLength(12);
lay->addWidget(line);
lay->addWidget(but1)
lay->addWidget(sub);
lay->addWidget(mul);
lay->addWidget(div);
lay->addWidget(eq);
setLayout(lay);
QObject::connect(but1,SIGNAL(clicked()),this,SLOT(addi()));
QObject::connect(sub,SIGNAL(clicked()),this,SLOT(subs()));
QObject::connect(mul,SIGNAL(clicked()),this,SLOT(mult()));
QObject::connect(div,SIGNAL(clicked()),this,SLOT(divi()));
QObject::connect(eq,SIGNAL(clicked()),this,SLOT(em()));
}
 
cal::~cal()
{
// No need to delete any object that got a parent that is properly deleted.
 
}
void cal::addi()
{
str=line->text();
num=str.toFloat();
ch=but1->text();
line->clear();
}
void cal::subs()
{
str=line->text();
num=str.toFloat();
ch=sub->text();
line->clear();
}
void cal::mult()
{
str=line->text();
num=str.toFloat();
ch=mul->text();
line->clear();
}
void cal::divi()
{
str=line->text();
num=str.toFloat();
ch=div->text();
line->clear();
}
void cal::em()
{
 
 
str1 = line->text();
num1 = str1.toFloat();
if (ch=="+")
{
ans=num+num1;
}
else if(ch=="-")
{
ans=num-num1;
}
else if(ch=="*")
{
ans=num*num1;
}
else if(ch=="/")
{
ans=num/num1;
}
else
{
strResult = strResult.number(ans);
line->setText(strResult);
}
strResult = strResult.number(ans);
line->setText(strResult);
ch="";
}

Captura de tela

  • Entrada de algum valor na linha de edição.

Cal001.jpg

  • Operação decimal também é possível na calculadora.



Design da UI

QtCalculator.ui

QtCalculatorUi.png


Arquivo de cabeçalho

QtCalculator.h

#ifndef QTCALCULATOR_H
#define QTCALCULATOR_H
 
#include <QtGui/QWidget>
#include "ui_QtCalculator.h"
 
class QtCalculator : public QWidget
{
Q_OBJECT
 
public:
QtCalculator(QWidget *parent = 0);
~QtCalculator();
 
public slots:
void Addition();
void Subtraction();
void Multiplication();
void Division();
 
private:
Ui::QtCalculatorClass ui;
};
 
#endif // QTCALCULATOR_H


Código fonte

QtCalculator.cpp

#include "QtCalculator.h"
 
QtCalculator::QtCalculator(QWidget *parent)
: QWidget(parent)
{
ui.setupUi(this);
QObject::connect(ui.plusButton, SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(Addition()));
QObject::connect(ui.minusButton,SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(Subtraction()));
QObject::connect(ui.multiplyButton,SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(Multiplication()));
QObject::connect(ui.divisionButton,SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(Division()));
}
 
QtCalculator::~QtCalculator()
{
QString strFisrt = ui.lineEditNumber1->text();
QString strSecond = ui.lineEditNumber2->text();
 
bool ok;
int number1 = strFisrt.toInt(&ok);
int number2 = strSecond.toInt(&ok);
int result = number1 + number2;
 
QString strResult;
strResult = strResult.number(result);
ui.lineEditResult->setText(strResult);
}
 
void QtCalculator::Addition()
{
QString strFisrt = ui.lineEditNumber1->text();
QString strSecond = ui.lineEditNumber2->text();
 
bool ok;
int number1 = strFisrt.toInt(&ok);
int number2 = strSecond.toInt(&ok);
int result = number1 + number2;
 
QString strResult;
strResult = strResult.number(result);
ui.lineEditResult->setText(strResult);
}
 
void QtCalculator::Subtraction()
{
QString strFisrt = ui.lineEditNumber1->text();
QString strSecond = ui.lineEditNumber2->text();
 
bool ok;
int number1 = strFisrt.toInt(&ok);
int number2 = strSecond.toInt(&ok);
int result = number1 - number2;
 
QString strResult;
strResult = strResult.number(result);
ui.lineEditResult->setText(strResult);
}
 
void QtCalculator::Multiplication()
{
QString strFisrt = ui.lineEditNumber1->text();
QString strSecond = ui.lineEditNumber2->text();
 
bool ok;
int number1 = strFisrt.toInt(&ok);
int number2 = strSecond.toInt(&ok);
int result = number1 * number2;
 
QString strResult;
strResult = strResult.number(result);
ui.lineEditResult->setText(strResult);
}
 
void QtCalculator::Division()
{
QString strFisrt = ui.lineEditNumber1->text();
QString strSecond = ui.lineEditNumber2->text();
 
bool ok;
int number1 = strFisrt.toInt(&ok);
int number2 = strSecond.toInt(&ok);
int result = number1 / number2;
 
QString strResult;
strResult = strResult.number(result);
ui.lineEditResult->setText(strResult);
}


Conclusões

  • Será mostrada um simples calculadora na tela.

QtCalculatorScreenShot.png

Exemplo

Feedback

  • Se você econtrar algum problema na implementação desta simples calculadora, então por favor escreva seu feedback na página deste artigo Comment page (Inglês). Eu tentarei dá o máximo para tentar ajudar você.

Comentário

Código de erro resolvido.

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