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Archived:HERE Maps API - Passing Query Parameters

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* A pair of parameters for defining the longitude  '''long''' and  latitude  '''lat''' at the center of the map. This can be used for reverse geocoding.
 
* A pair of parameters for defining the longitude  '''long''' and  latitude  '''lat''' at the center of the map. This can be used for reverse geocoding.
 
* A free text address '''address''' to define the location at the center of the map. This can be used for geocoding.
 
* A free text address '''address''' to define the location at the center of the map. This can be used for geocoding.
* A zoom level '''zoom''' for the map.
+
* A {{Icode|zoomLevel}} '''zoom''' for the map.
 
* Some associated free text '''name'''  to display on the map. Obviously additional parameters can be added in the same  manner.
 
* Some associated free text '''name'''  to display on the map. Obviously additional parameters can be added in the same  manner.
  
Line 86: Line 86:
 
== How to generate links to maps.nokia.com and m.maps.nokia.com ==
 
== How to generate links to maps.nokia.com and m.maps.nokia.com ==
  
Depending upon the parameters passed we may have a latitude, longitude  or alternatively we may have an address. We need '''both''' in order to create a link to  [http://m.maps.nokia.com m.maps.nokia.com]  . Therefore we need to create a search manager and either
+
Depending upon the parameters passed we may have a latitude, longitude  or alternatively we may have an address. We need '''both''' in order to create a link to  [http://m.maps.nokia.com m.maps.nokia.com]  . Therefore we need to create use the {{Icode|nokia.places.search.manager}} and either make a {{Icode|geocode()}} request or a {{Icode|reverseGeoCode()}} request  as necessary.
do a ''geocode()'' request or ''reverseGeocode()'' as necessary.
+
  
 
<code javascript>
 
<code javascript>
Line 94: Line 93:
 
 
 
if (addressQuery !=  ""){
 
if (addressQuery !=  ""){
     searchManager.geocode(addressQuery);     
+
     nokia.places.search.manager.geoCode({
 +
                searchTerm : addressQuery,
 +
                onComplete: processResults
 +
            });     
 
} else {
 
} else {
     searchManager.reverseGeocode(center);
+
     nokia.places.search.manager.reverseGeoCode({
 +
                latitude : center.latitude,
 +
                longitude : center.longitude,
 +
                onComplete: processResults
 +
            });  
 
}
 
}
 
</code>
 
</code>
  
The search manager needs build up the address if necessary (this has been removed for brevity - check the [[Media:querystringexample.zip|coded example]]) , and then pass the location and address for further processing.
+
The callback function {{Icode|processResults()}} needs build up the address if necessary (this has been removed for brevity - check the [[Media:querystringexample.zip|coded example]]) , and then pass the location and address for further processing.
 
<code javascript>
 
<code javascript>
var searchManager = new nokia.maps.search.Manager();
+
var processResults = function (data, requestStatus) {
  searchManager.addObserver("state", function (observedManager, key, value) {
+
         // If the search  has finished we can process the results      
         // If the search  has finished we can process the results
+
         if (requestStatus == "OK") {
         if (value == "finished") {
+
              if (observedManager.locations.length > 0) {
+
 
///... build up address if necessary
 
///... build up address if necessary
 
if (addressQuery != ""){
 
if (addressQuery != ""){
 
                                 // This is a geocode request, center on the location
 
                                 // This is a geocode request, center on the location
addMarker(locName, observedManager.locations[0].address.label, observedManager.locations[0].displayPosition);
+
addMarker(locName, addressQuery, data.location.position);
map.setCenter(observedManager.locations[0].displayPosition);
+
map.setCenter(data.location.position);
 
} else {
 
} else {
 
                               // This is a reverse geocode request, center is already correct.
 
                               // This is a reverse geocode request, center is already correct.
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}
 
}
} else if (value == "failed") {
+
} else if (requestStatus == "ERROR") {
addMarker(locName, "", center);
+
addMarker(locName, "", center);
}
+
}
 
   });
 
   });
 
</code>
 
</code>
  
The ''addMarker()'' function creates and adds the necessary links to an info bubble.  The links are defined in the ''getNokiaMapsHTML5Link()'' and  ''getNokiaMapsLink()'' functions.
+
The {{Icode|addMarker()}} function creates and adds the necessary links to an info bubble.  The links are defined in the {{Icode|getNokiaMapsHTML5Link()}} and  {{Icode|getNokiaMapsLink()}} methods.
 
<code javascript>
 
<code javascript>
 
   var infoBubbles = new nokia.maps.map.component.InfoBubbles();
 
   var infoBubbles = new nokia.maps.map.component.InfoBubbles();
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{{Note|Not all phones or web browsers are able to use the [http://m.maps.nokia.com m.maps.nokia.com] website. }}
 
{{Note|Not all phones or web browsers are able to use the [http://m.maps.nokia.com m.maps.nokia.com] website. }}
Once a URL of a link has been calculated,  it is a trivial matter to change the code from displaying that  link to forwarding a user on to that URL. Just use ''window.location'' as shown:
+
Once a URL of a link has been calculated,  it is a trivial matter to change the code from displaying that  link to forwarding a user on to that URL. Just use {{Icode|window.location}} as shown:
 
<code javascript>window.location=url_of_the_new_location</code>
 
<code javascript>window.location=url_of_the_new_location</code>
  
 
== The coded example ==
 
== The coded example ==
 
The  [[Media:querystringexample.zip|coded example]] consists of two files:
 
The  [[Media:querystringexample.zip|coded example]] consists of two files:
''location_query_string.html'' - displays the map of an arbitrary location based upon the query string parameters.
+
{{Icode|location_query_string.html}} - displays the map of an arbitrary location based upon the query string parameters.
''forward_query_string.html'' - forwards directly to the mobile HTML5 website. This could be used as a link in a phone app for examle.
+
{{Icode|forward_query_string.html}} - forwards directly to the mobile HTML5 website. This could be used as a link in a phone app for example.

Revision as of 13:19, 17 April 2012

This article explains how to read in query parameters to display a map at a known location, and define links to both the main http://maps.nokia.com website and the mobile HTML5 website http://m.maps.nokia.com . It is an example of the use of both Geocoding and Reverse Geocoding.

Article Metadata
Code ExampleTested with
Devices(s): Google Chrome 16.0.912
Compatibility
Platform(s): Web Browser
Dependencies: Nokia Maps API 2.2.0
Article
Keywords: Nokia Maps, JavaScript
Created: jasfox (07 Feb 2012)
Last edited: jasfox (17 Apr 2012)

Contents

Introduction

It is sometimes useful to be able to supply a link to an interactive map of a known location using the Nokia Maps API in the same manner as the RESTful Map API does for static maps. This could be done to allow your user to make a search or a routing request on the ready-made http://maps.nokia.com website for example. Alternatively if your user is using an Android or iPhone, you wish to forward them to the mobile HTML5 website http://m.maps.nokia.com , so they can still access Nokia Maps. Currently neither of these websites websites offers an API directly, but since they both use the same services as the Nokia Maps API, it is relatively simple task to create a query-string-based web page which creates URLs of an appropriate format for these websites to consume.

Querystring.png

Defining a Minimal set of Query String Parameters

The URL of an http "Get"' request consists of the path to a file location followed by a query string. The query string contains the parameters which are passed to the page. The RESTful Map API documentation contains a multitude of parameters for modifying a map. This example will replicate some of the major request parameters defining the location of a map.

  • A pair of parameters for defining the longitude long and latitude lat at the center of the map. This can be used for reverse geocoding.
  • A free text address address to define the location at the center of the map. This can be used for geocoding.
  • A zoomLevel zoom for the map.
  • Some associated free text name to display on the map. Obviously additional parameters can be added in the same manner.

How to read query string parameters

The parsing of the query string is absolutely the first thing that must be done even before setting up the map. This can be done with a standard library function as shown below:

function splitQueryString() {
var query = window.location.search.substring(1);
var parms = query.split('&');
for (var i=0; i<parms.length; i++) {
var pos = parms[i].indexOf('=');
if (pos > 0) {
var key = parms[i].substring(0,pos);
var val = parms[i].substring(pos+1);
param[key] = decodeURI(val);
}
}
}

Sensible defaults can be added to the parameters - in this case we are defaulting to display a map of Sydney, Australia. The default values can then be overwritten by reading in the actual values from the query string.

var param = new Array();
param['long'] = "151.211111";
param['lat'] = "-33.859972";
param['name'] = "";
param['zoom'] = "14"; // Default Zoom
param['address'] = "";
splitQueryString();

Displaying a map with query string parameters

Having obtained a latitude. longitude and zoom level, the initial map can be set up in the usual manner:

 
var center = new nokia.maps.geo.Coordinate(parseFloat(param['lat']), parseFloat(param['long']));
var map = new nokia.maps.map.Display(mapContainer, {
// initial center and zoom level of the map
center: center,
zoomLevel: param['zoom'],
components: [ etc ....


How to generate links to maps.nokia.com and m.maps.nokia.com

Depending upon the parameters passed we may have a latitude, longitude or alternatively we may have an address. We need both in order to create a link to m.maps.nokia.com . Therefore we need to create use the nokia.places.search.manager and either make a geocode() request or a reverseGeoCode() request as necessary.

var locName = 	param['name'];
var addressQuery = param['address'];
 
if (addressQuery != ""){
nokia.places.search.manager.geoCode({
searchTerm : addressQuery,
onComplete: processResults
});
} else {
nokia.places.search.manager.reverseGeoCode({
latitude : center.latitude,
longitude : center.longitude,
onComplete: processResults
});
}

The callback function processResults() needs build up the address if necessary (this has been removed for brevity - check the coded example) , and then pass the location and address for further processing.

var processResults = function (data, requestStatus) {
// If the search has finished we can process the results
if (requestStatus == "OK") {
///... build up address if necessary
if (addressQuery != ""){
// This is a geocode request, center on the location
addMarker(locName, addressQuery, data.location.position);
map.setCenter(data.location.position);
} else {
// This is a reverse geocode request, center is already correct.
addMarker(locName, addressText, center);
}
 
}
} else if (requestStatus == "ERROR") {
addMarker(locName, "", center);
}
});

The addMarker() function creates and adds the necessary links to an info bubble. The links are defined in the getNokiaMapsHTML5Link() and getNokiaMapsLink() methods.

  var infoBubbles = new nokia.maps.map.component.InfoBubbles();
map.addComponent( infoBubbles);
 
function addMarker(locName, address, coordinate){
var marker = new nokia.maps.map.StandardMarker(coordinate, {
$html: "<h2>" + unescape(locName) + "</h2><br/>"
+ getNokiaMapsHTML5Link(address, coordinate) + "<br/>"
+ getNokiaMapsLink(coordinate)
});
 
marker.addListener("click" , function(evt) {
infoBubbles.addBubble(evt.target.$html, evt.target.coordinate);
currentMarker = evt.target;
}, false);
 
// Add the markers to the map's object collection so they will be rendered onto the map.
map.objects.add(marker);
}
 
function getNokiaMapsHTML5Link(address, coordinate ){
return "<a href='http://m.maps.nokia.com/#action=search&params={%22id%22:%22826gcpvj-8a33c3c9e61545eda32879b880d3c96f%22,%22query%22:%22" +
escape(address) + "%22,%22slatitude%22:" + coordinate.latitude + ",%22slongitude%22:" + coordinate.longitude + "}&bmk=1'>HMTL 5 Mobile Website</a>";
}
 
function getNokiaMapsLink (coordinate){
return "<a href='http://maps.nokia.com/services/#|" + coordinate.latitude + "|" + coordinate.longitude +
"|" + map.get('zoomLevel') + "|0|0|normal.day'>Nokia Maps website</a>";
}

How to forward directly to m.maps.nokia.com

Note.pngNote: Not all phones or web browsers are able to use the m.maps.nokia.com website.

Once a URL of a link has been calculated, it is a trivial matter to change the code from displaying that link to forwarding a user on to that URL. Just use window.location as shown:

window.location=url_of_the_new_location

The coded example

The coded example consists of two files:

  • location_query_string.html - displays the map of an arbitrary location based upon the query string parameters.
  • forward_query_string.html - forwards directly to the mobile HTML5 website. This could be used as a link in a phone app for example.
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