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Breadcrumb Navigation

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[[Category:Usability]]
 
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[[Category:Mobile Design]][[Category:Usability]]
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==What is Breadcrumb?==
==What is Breadcrumb ?==
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A breadcrumb is a user interface navigation mechanism. It shows both the current location and previous location(s) required to get to the current location within the navigation hierarchy.
Breadcrumb is a mechanism for keeping track of the user’s location within an application and provides navigation facility.  
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==Advantages==
 
==Advantages==
<ul>
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<li>
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Breadcrumb navigation can provide a very compact mechanism for orienting a user within an app or document set:
Breadcrumb takes up very little space and hence helps in space availability for the display of content.</li>
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* Gives user the knowledge of their current location relative to higher-level concepts.
<li>Gives user the knowledge of their current location relative to higher-level concepts.</li>
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* One-click navigation to navigate back to higher levels in the hierarchy.
<li>One-click navigation to navigate back to higher levels in the hierarchy.</li>
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</ul>
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[[File:Breadcrumb compare.gif|frame|none|Traditional Navigation  Breadcrumb Navigation]]
<BR><BR>
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[[File:Breadcrumb compare.gif]]<BR>
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Traditional Navigation  &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Breadcrumb Navigation
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==Disadvantages/Limitations==
 
==Disadvantages/Limitations==
<ul>
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<li>Lack of proper update, especially on web applications when new pages are added or there is modification in hierarchical structure, can cause inconsistency or broken links.</li>
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* Lack of proper update, especially on web applications when new pages are added or there is modification in hierarchical structure, can cause inconsistency or broken links.
<li>Breadcrumb is more useful on a stylus-driven device and not appropriate for scroll and select devices.</li>
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* Breadcrumb is more useful on a stylus-driven device and not appropriate for scroll and select devices.
</ul>
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==When to use ?==
 
==When to use ?==
<ul>
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<li>When the application is heavily content driven and also has a lot of navigation, breadcrumb can help is saving space for content as well as giving proper navigation facility.</li>
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* When the application is heavily content driven and has many nested levels a breadcrumb can help locate the user within the document structure
<li>The user cannot easily navigate through the hierarchy via other local navigation methods.</li>
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* The user cannot easily navigate through the hierarchy via other local navigation methods.
<li>In case of a web application, if a user might arrive to a page from an external source (e.g., through a search engine) and the user will need a sense of context.</li>
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* When a user might arrive to a page from an external source (e.g., through a search engine) and the user will need a sense of context.
</ul>
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==Guidelines while implementing Breadcrumb==
 
==Guidelines while implementing Breadcrumb==
<ul>
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<li>Whenever possible, labels of breadcrumb should match the title of the corresponding form/page of the application.</li>
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* Whenever possible, labels of breadcrumb should match the title of the corresponding form/page of the application.
<li>Display the title of the current form/page as the last label in the breadcrumb and don’t provide hyperlink to it.</li>
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* Display the title of the current form/page as the last label in the breadcrumb and don’t provide hyperlink to it.
<li>Avoid to hyperlink the symbol (e.g. sign ( >> )) that separates the labels.</li>
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* Avoid to hyperlink the symbol (e.g. sign ( >> )) that separates the labels.
<li>Hyperlink color/style of the breadcrumb should be the same irrespective of whether the link was previously visited by user or not.</li>
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* Hyperlink color/style of the breadcrumb should be the same irrespective of whether the link was previously visited by user or not.
<li>Use ‘Title Case’ for labels in the breadcrumb.</li>
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* Use ‘Title Case’ for labels in the breadcrumb.
<li>Avoid using breadcrumbs for single-level hierarchy navigation that have no logical hierarchy or grouping.</li>
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* Avoid using breadcrumbs for single-level hierarchy navigation that have no logical hierarchy or grouping.
</ul>
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==Design Tip==
 
==Design Tip==
<B>Using combination of breadcrumb and fly-out navigation</B><BR>
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'''Using combination of breadcrumb and fly-out navigation'''<br />
Combination of breadcrumb and fly-out navigation is helpful in displaying child menus related to each level of the breadcrumb. <BR>
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<B>Implementing this concept - </B>When a user ‘clicks on’ or ‘hovers over’ a breadcrumb link, the link opens a sub-navigation panel that lists additional attributes.
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Combination of breadcrumb and fly-out navigation is helpful in displaying child menus related to each level of the breadcrumb.  
<BR><BR>
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[[File:Breadcrumb flyout1.gif]]<BR>
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'''Implementing this concept''' - When a user ‘clicks on’ or ‘hovers over’ a breadcrumb link, the link opens a sub-navigation panel that lists additional attributes.
  
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[[File:Breadcrumb flyout1.gif|none]]
--Submitted by - Aadhar14b, 25 June 2009
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Latest revision as of 06:42, 9 May 2012

Article Metadata
Article
Created: User:Aadhar14b (25 Jun 2009)
Last edited: hamishwillee (09 May 2012)

Contents

[edit] What is Breadcrumb?

A breadcrumb is a user interface navigation mechanism. It shows both the current location and previous location(s) required to get to the current location within the navigation hierarchy.

[edit] Advantages

Breadcrumb navigation can provide a very compact mechanism for orienting a user within an app or document set:

  • Gives user the knowledge of their current location relative to higher-level concepts.
  • One-click navigation to navigate back to higher levels in the hierarchy.
Traditional Navigation / Breadcrumb Navigation

[edit] Disadvantages/Limitations

  • Lack of proper update, especially on web applications when new pages are added or there is modification in hierarchical structure, can cause inconsistency or broken links.
  • Breadcrumb is more useful on a stylus-driven device and not appropriate for scroll and select devices.

[edit] When to use ?

  • When the application is heavily content driven and has many nested levels a breadcrumb can help locate the user within the document structure
  • The user cannot easily navigate through the hierarchy via other local navigation methods.
  • When a user might arrive to a page from an external source (e.g., through a search engine) and the user will need a sense of context.

[edit] Guidelines while implementing Breadcrumb

  • Whenever possible, labels of breadcrumb should match the title of the corresponding form/page of the application.
  • Display the title of the current form/page as the last label in the breadcrumb and don’t provide hyperlink to it.
  • Avoid to hyperlink the symbol (e.g. sign ( >> )) that separates the labels.
  • Hyperlink color/style of the breadcrumb should be the same irrespective of whether the link was previously visited by user or not.
  • Use ‘Title Case’ for labels in the breadcrumb.
  • Avoid using breadcrumbs for single-level hierarchy navigation that have no logical hierarchy or grouping.


[edit] Design Tip

Using combination of breadcrumb and fly-out navigation

Combination of breadcrumb and fly-out navigation is helpful in displaying child menus related to each level of the breadcrumb.

Implementing this concept - When a user ‘clicks on’ or ‘hovers over’ a breadcrumb link, the link opens a sub-navigation panel that lists additional attributes.

Breadcrumb flyout1.gif
This page was last modified on 9 May 2012, at 06:42.
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