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Revision as of 03:27, 16 May 2013 by hamishwillee (Talk | contribs)

Steganography in Windows Phone

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This article demonstrates how to implement Steganography in Windows Phone.

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Article Metadata
Code ExampleTested with
Devices(s): Nokia Lumia 820,920
Platform(s): Windows Phone
Windows Phone 8
Windows Phone 7.5
Platform Security
Signing Required: Self-Signed
Keywords: Steganography
Created: somnathbanik (05 Apr 2015)
Last edited: hamishwillee (16 May 2013)



Steganography is a technique which is used to hide data in data. In this article we will show how to encrypt and decrypt text messages inside an image. User will be able to encode some text message in an image and would be able to decode the same text message from that encrypted image using the same application. The encrypted image will be same as that of the original image in terms of look.


Create a standard Windows Phone Project

Let’s create a standard Windows Phone Application Project

  • Launch Visual Studio
  • Click on File
  • Click on New Project
  • Select Windows Phone Pivot Application (Visual C# Template)
  • Add Name and Location of the project
  • Click OK to create the project.

Adding UI controls on application page

We have two PivotItem one for encoding and other for decoding text message. In the project, double-click the MainPage.xaml file and add the below code in root element.

<!--Pivot Control-->
<phone:Pivot Title="STEGANOGRAPHY">
<!--Pivot item one-->
<phone:PivotItem Header="encode">
<StackPanel Orientation="Vertical" Margin="0,0,0,0">
<Image Stretch="UniformToFill" Name="ImageEncode" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="300" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="456" />
<Button Name="ButtonSelectImage" Content="Select Image" Click="ButtonSelectImage_Click" />
<TextBox Name="TextBoxEncode" InputScope="Text" Height="72" TextWrapping="Wrap" Text=""/>
<Button Content="Encode Text" Click="Button_Click_1" />
<!--Pivot item two-->
<phone:PivotItem Header="decode ">
<StackPanel Orientation="Vertical" Margin="0,0,0,0">
<Image Stretch="UniformToFill" Name="ImageDecode" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="300" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="456" />
<Button Content="Select Image" Click="Button_Click_2"/>
<Button Content="Decode Text" Click="Button_Click_3"/>
<TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Text="Decoded Text :" Margin="10,0" Height="35"/>
<TextBlock Name="TextBlockDecodeText" Foreground="Red" TextWrapping="Wrap" Text="" FontSize="30" RenderTransformOrigin="0.543,0.736" Margin="10,0" Height="58"/>

Encoding text message into image

  • Open the MainPage.xaml.cs file and add the following using statements:
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Phone.Tasks;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using Microsoft.Xna.Framework.Media;
  • Add the following declarations to the MainPage class:
PhotoChooserTask photoChooserTaskEncode;
PhotoChooserTask photoChooserTaskDecode;
Stream capturedImageEncode, capturedImageDecode;
public byte[] byteArrayInputImageEncode { get; set; }
public byte[] byteArrayInputText { get; set; }
public byte[] byteArrayInputImageDecode { get; set; }
private byte[] byteArrayTextandImage { get; set; }
public int textLength = 4096;
  • Add the following initialization in the MainPage constructor:
// Constructor
public MainPage()
photoChooserTaskEncode = new PhotoChooserTask();
photoChooserTaskEncode.Completed += photoChooserTaskEncode_Completed;
photoChooserTaskDecode = new PhotoChooserTask();
photoChooserTaskDecode.Completed += photoChooserTaskDecode_Completed;

This will initialize the PhotoChooserTask and will call the photoChooserTaskEncode_Completed and photoChooserTaskDecode_Completed event when the image is selected from the picture hub.

  • Add the following photoChooserTaskEncode_Completed and photoChooserTaskDecode_Completed method to the MainPage class:
void photoChooserTaskDecode_Completed(object sender, PhotoResult e)
if (e.TaskResult == TaskResult.OK)
capturedImageDecode = e.ChosenPhoto;
BitmapImage bmp = new BitmapImage();
ImageDecode.Source = bmp;
byteArrayInputImageDecode = ReadToEnd(capturedImageDecode);
MessageBox.Show("Unable to select photo");
void photoChooserTaskEncode_Completed(object sender, PhotoResult e)
if (e.TaskResult == TaskResult.OK)
capturedImageEncode = e.ChosenPhoto;
BitmapImage bmp = new BitmapImage();
ImageEncode.Source = bmp;
byteArrayInputImageEncode = ReadToEnd(capturedImageEncode);
MessageBox.Show("Unable to select photo");

photoChooserTaskEncode_Completed and photoChooserTaskDecode_Completed events will be called when user selects an image from the picture hub and display the selected picture in an Image element. ReadToEnd() method converts image stream to byte array.

  • Add the following code inside a Button event to encode the text message in the selected image and save the encrypted image in the Media Library:
//encode text button
private void Button_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
string inputText = TextBoxEncode.Text + "#";
byteArrayInputText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(inputText);
textLength = byteArrayInputText.Length;
byteArrayTextandImage = EncodeText(byteArrayInputImageEncode, byteArrayInputText, 4096);
catch (Exception ex)
MediaLibrary library = new MediaLibrary();
Picture pic = library.SavePicture(Guid.NewGuid().ToString(), byteArrayTextandImage);
MessageBox.Show("Your picture is now accessible through the Saved Picture album.", "Saved successfully.", MessageBoxButton.OK);
catch (Exception ex)
private byte[] EncodeText(byte[] Image, byte[] Text, int Threshold)
for (int i = 0; i < Text.Length; ++i)
int chr = Text[i];
for (int j = 7; j >= 0; --j, ++Threshold)
int b = (chr >> j) & 1;
Image[Threshold] = (byte)((Image[Threshold] & 0xFE) | b);
return Image;

Decoding text message from the encrypted image

Add the following code to decode the text message from the selected encrypted image and display on the screen.

private void Button_Click_3(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
byte[] decodedText = DecodeText(byteArrayInputImageDecode);
string text = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decodedText, 0, decodedText.Length);
string[] split = text.Split(new Char[] { '#' });
text = split.GetValue(0).ToString();
TextBlockDecodeText.Text = text;
private byte[] DecodeText(byte[] Image)
int length = 0;
int Threshold = 4096;
for (int i = 0; i < 4096; ++i)
length = (length << 1) | (Image[i] & 1);
byte[] decodedText = new byte[textLength];
for (int j = 0; j < decodedText.Length; ++j)
for (int k = 0; k < 8; ++k, ++Threshold)
decodedText[j] = (byte)((decodedText[j] << 1) | (Image[Threshold] & 1));
return decodedText;


This example uses a basic approach of Steganography which demonstrates with an image and a text message. It can also be done with audio/video. To make this example more user attractive you can also take picture from camera and add your text message in it.

Source Code

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