Using widget.preferences in Nokia Asha Web Apps
This article explains how to store data using widget.preferences in Series 40 Web Apps
Widget preference allows developer to store data in key-value pairs. Series 40 Web App environment preserves stored data, and makes it available when Web App is started. Data stored into widget storage area is unique for Web App instance, i.e. preferences cannot be used to share data between two Web Apps.
How to use
Preference key must always be declared in config.xml file, in Series 40 Web Apps, prior to use. Failing to do so does not cause immediate error, but values stored are not preserved and lost when Web App is re-started.
Declaring preference in config.xml:
readonly is an optional argument, thus can be omitted. If preference has read-only flag, scripts cannot change its value nor delete it.
Once preferences are declared you can use setItem() and getItem() or bracket access to modify stored values. Please note that in current Web tools (v 1.5), only bracket access is supported in local simulator preview. There is a size limit for stored preference. Stored string should not be longer than 256 characters, same applies for the key.
//get value, returns “undefined” if there is no match for the key
var value = widget.preferences["key"];
If you don’t need to use local simulator preview, setItem() and getItem() can be used to access stored preferences, as defined in Storage interface . Please note that NO_MODIFICATION_ALLOWED_ERR exception is not thrown in series 40 Web Apps, when trying to modify readonly preference.
//get value, returns “null” if there is no match for the key
Among setItem and getItem, Storage interface offers following methods and attributes.
- Total number of key/value pairs
- Returns name of the n:th key in the list
- Removes key/value pair.
- Removes all stored key/value pairs.
Note that in Series 40 Web Apps, removeItem(key) and clear() removes preferences event they would be defined as readonly.
//total number of stored items
var count = widget.preferences.length;
//key string for first item in the list.
//Note that order can change when new key/value pairs are added
var keyString = widget.preferences.key(0);
//Removes item, with “key” from preferences
//Clears ALL stored preferences.
- Web App preferences are not stored correctly after deployment to device
- In some cases short URL deployment causes problems in Series 40 Web Apps version 1.5. Please use Bluetooth deployment when possible.
- Preferences are lost after reloading the web app
- Make sure that you have declared preference in th config.xml
- Make sure that key and value are under 256 character limit.
- Preferences does not work in local simulator preview Series 40 Web Apps version 1.5
- Use bracket access widget.preferences["key"] instead of getItem() /setItem() syntax.